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Medically Reviewed by Dr. J. Hopkins


May 18, 2022

637400 20BlogImages 07 041520Each year, countless men elect to have breast reduction surgery to address the symptoms of gynecomastia. This is a condition characterized by enlarged male breast tissue, and it can have a major impact not just on a man’s physique, but also on his self-confidence.

Before seeking surgical intervention for gynecomastia, it is important to verify that you do indeed have this condition. The best way to verify a gynecomastia diagnosis is to meet with a qualified physician and plastic surgeon, who will perform a physical examination, ask questions about your medical history, and explain the options for treatment.

Determining Whether You Have Gynecomastia

It is important to note that gynecomastia can happen to men at any age. And, it can be caused by several different factors. The most common causes of gynecomastia include drug use, excessive weight gain, and hormonal change. For some men, gynecomastia can be hereditary, and is not linked to any other medical condition or lifestyle factor.

What are the Symptoms of Gynecomastia?

As you try to determine whether you have gynecomastia, there are a few symptoms to look out for. The most common symptom is the swelling or enlargement of the breasts. Additional symptoms of gynecomastia can include:

  • Stretched areolas
  • Breasts that sag or droop
  • Tenderness in your chest area
  • Fibrous or movable tissue just below your nipple
  • Breasts that are disproportional or asymmetrical

Some men who suffer from gynecomastia may experience some physical discomfort, as well. This is most common among those who develop this condition during adolescence. If you experience any of these symptoms, make an appointment with a board-certified plastic surgeon to confirm the diagnosis and learn more about the options for treatment.

How Will My Doctor Determine Whether I Have Gynecomastia?

There are a number of steps that your plastic surgeon might take to determine whether you have gynecomastia. The evaluation will typically include a physical examination of your chest area, along with questions about your medical history. Your doctor may also perform tests, including:

  • Blood tests
  • Endocrine system tests
  • Mammograms
  • CT or MRI scans
  • Tissue biopsies

What Other Conditions Can Cause Breast Enlargement?

In seeking to diagnose gynecomastia, your plastic surgeon will also need to rule out some other conditions, which can sometimes present with similar symptoms.

For example, men who struggle with obesity may experience pseudogynecomastia, a condition characterized by the development of fatty tissue around the breasts. For some men, deformity of the breasts may be a result of an abscess or infection. And while it is uncommon, it is possible for men to experience breast cancer, which may also result in breast enlargement.

Find Out More About Gynecomastia

Gynecomastia is not a life-threatening condition, but it can have a detrimental effect on your self-image. The good news is that the condition is very treatable. Once your gynecomastia diagnosis is confirmed, you can elect to have a breast reduction. This gynecomastia surgery can sculpt your chest to look flatter and more masculine.

We are happy to provide gynecomastia diagnosis and treatment to our patients at J. Hopkins Plastic Surgery. To schedule a consultation with Dr. Hopkins, contact us at (972) 298-6641.